The Four Major Studies of Psychology

Madeline May, Staff Writer

Different types of psychology and facts on them

There are four major forms of psychology, and each of them focus on different areas of the brain, and different treatments. The first one is cognitive psychology. The core focus of this form of psychology is on studying acquire, store, and process information within the brain. Cognitive psychologists are generally most interested in topics such as problem solving, retrieval, and forgetting, and reasoning, memory, attention, and auditory and visual perception. They often help people who suffer from severe memory loss, or learning difficulties. 

The second one is forensic psychology. Forensic psychology is a specialty area that deals with issues related to psychology and the law. The duties of a forensic psychologist are a bit different than the other forms of psychology. Their job is often to conduct screenings, or assessments on criminals usually involved as crimes such as murder or kidnapping. They investigate psychological disorders among criminals, and examine their mental state. They do this to determine if they are able to stand trial, and what kind of sentence they should receive, or where they should go for their crime, such as a prison, or mental hospital for the criminally insane. 

The third one is social psychology. This one focuses on the scientific study of how people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. The main role of a social psychologist is to study how individuals affect and are affected by other people and their environment. They research social interactions and the factors that influence them.

Lastly, is development psychology. This are focuses on human growth, and changes across the lifespan. It includes physical, cognitive, social, intellectual, perceptual, personality, and emotional growth. A development psychologists main source of work would be through places such as mental hospitals, rehabilitation centers, homeless shelters, or assisted living.