HTML – The Basic Language of The Internet

Olivia Bradley, Staff Writer

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Almost everyone by now who uses the internet has seen a website that’s crashed and failed to properly load. The blank spaces, the blue text, everything you see has been typed by someone! It’s actually rather interesting when you start to understand that what all you see on websites is just a couple key words or phrases set in brackets. First off if you want to know what HTML really is, you need to understand what a language is. Say you want to learn German, first you have to understand the way the letters are spoken before you can even comprehend the words that get displayed in front of your eyes!

  So HTML is the language in which most websites are written, it is used to create pages and to make them a functioning piece of artwork in the gallery called the internet. The code used to make them visually appealing is known as CSS

HTML was first created by Tim Berners-Lee, Robert Cailliau, and others starting in 1989. It stands for HyperText Markup Language. Hypertext means that the document contains links that allow the reader to jump to other places in the document or to another document altogether. A markup language is a way that computers speak to each other to control how text is processed and presented. To do this HTML uses two things: tags and attributes, tags and attributes are the basis of HTML, they work together but perform different functions!

Brackets look like this: < and >

Tags look like this: <h1> 

Attributes look like this: <img src=”image.png “>

Here’s an example for opening and closing your Tags: <h1> </h1> 

Tags are used to mark up the start of an HTML element and they are usually enclosed in angle brackets. Attributes contain additional pieces of information, they take the form of an opening tag and additional info is placed inside. When using multiple tags, the tags must be closed in the order in which they were opened.

There is so much more to the world of coding that I can’t fit in this, but there are very reliable sources out there to check out such as W3Schools. They teach you almost everything from CSS to BootStrap or even JavaScript (JavaScript is very important in coding video games)